In this weeks lecture we studied remix culture and the notion of mashup and remix. Remix culture has been revolutionary through the emergence of technology, remixing music has become an interest being undertaken more frequently being apart of everyday life and being classified as, anything can be a remix. In my research I found that remix and mashup were two different things which I was astounded when I concluded my studies as I thought they were the same thing… Here’s the difference.
A mashup is a song or composition created by blending two or more pre-recorded songs, usually by overlaying the vocal track of one song seamlessly over the instrumental track of another. To the extent that such works are “transformative” of original content, they may find protection from copyright claims under the “fair use” doctrine of copyright law.
A remix is a piece of media, which has been altered from its original state by adding, removing, and/or changing pieces of the item. A song, piece of artwork, book, video, or photograph can all be remixes. The only characteristic of a remix is that it appropriates and changes other materials to create something new. There are three different types of remixes (extended, selective and reflective)
The first remix is extended, that is a longer version of the original song containing long instrumental sections making it more mixable for the club DJ. The first known disco song to be extended to ten minutes is “Ten Percent,” by Double Exposure, remixed by Walter Gibbons in 1976
For the Selective Remix the DJ takes and adds parts to the original composition, while leaving its aura intact. Selective consists of adding or subtracting material from the original song. This is the type of remix which made DJs popular in the music industry.
it allegorizes and extends the aesthetic of sampling, where the remixed version challenges the aura of the original and claims autonomy even when it carries the name of the original; material is added or deleted, but the original tracks are largely left intact to be recognizable.
The exclusive rights of the copyright owner over acts such as reproduction/copying, communication, adaptation and performance – unless licensed openly – by their very nature reduce the ability to negotiate copyright material without permission. Therefore, mashups and remix will inevitably encounter legal problems when the whole or a substantial part of the original material has been reproduced, copied, communicated, adapted or performed – unless a permission has been given in advance.